A curated list of journal articles with primary focus on Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR).
- Commons, Michael L. (2000) “The Power Therapies: a Proposed Mechanism for their Action and Suggestions for Future Empirical Validation.” Traumatology, 6(2): pp. 119-138, August 2000, ISSN: 1534-7656
- Descilo, T, Fava, N, Burke, S, Costa, I, Swanson, A , Figley, C. (2017). “Effects of Traumatic Incident Reduction on Posttraumatic Symptoms in a Community-Based Agency” Research on Social Work Practice. Resource Location: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1049731517745993
Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of traumatic incident reduction (TIR) among a sample of adults with trauma histories through a review of client records. On average, participants (N = 247) were 37 years old (SD = 10.98), mostly women, and racially and ethnically diverse. Self-reported posttraumatic stress, anxiety, depression, and expectations for future success were assessed prior to treatment, midway, and after treatment. A series of analysis of covariance models with repeated measures were examined, controlling for participants’ biological sex and total number of hours spent in psychoeducational groups. Results: Posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms were significantly reduced, and expectations for future success increased.
- Descilo, T, Greenwald, R., Schmitt, T.A., Reslan, S. (2010) “Traumatic incident reduction for urban at-risk youth and unaccompanied minor refugees: two open trials” Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 181-191, July-September 2010
Abstract: “Traumatic incident reduction (TIR) is a trauma resolution method that appears to be well tolerated and has yielded relatively rapid benefit in two adult treatment studies. This article reports on two open trials using TIR with 33 urban at-risk youth and 31 unaccompanied refugee minors. In both studies, participants consistently responded positively. In the second study, nearly all participants who began treatment with post-traumatic stress disorder ended without it, with an average of at least one significant trauma memory being treated per session. TIR’s apparent efficiency and effectiveness in these preliminary studies indicates its promise in child and adolescent treatment”
Resource Location: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19361521.2010.495936
Accession Number: 84121
- Dietrich, A, Baranowsky, A; Devich-Navarro, M., Gentry, J.; Harris, C.; Figley, C. (2000) “A review of alternative approaches to the treatment of post traumatic sequelae.” Traumatology, 6(4): pp. 251-271, December 2000, ISSN: 1534-7656
- Figley, Charles R; Carbonnell, Joyce L; Boscarino, Joseph A; Chang, Jeani. (1999) “A Clinical Demonstration Model for Assessing the Effectiveness of Therapeutic Interventions: an Expanded Clinical Trials Methodology.” International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 1(3): pp. 155-164, Summer 1999
- Gallo, Fred P. (1996) “Reflections on active ingredients in efficient treatments of PTSD, part 2.” Traumatology, 2(2): pp. [Article 2], 1996 ISSN: 1534-7656
- Gerbode, F. A. (2006). Traumatic incident reduction: A person-centered, client-titrated exposure technique. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 12(1-2), 151-167.
Abstract: “Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) is a person-centered, yet intensely focused approach to trauma resolution, based on the principle that the very act of trying to repress painful memories is what holds them in place and gives them power over the individual. TIR consists of a safe and structured method for reviewing the contents of a past trauma repeatedly at a pace and with a degree of exposure determined by the client. By applying the TIR technique to a traumatic memory in a one-on-one setting with a trained facilitator, the client can discover what he or she needs to know in order to achieve a permanent reduction or elimination of the memory’s traumatic aftereffects.”
- Mitchels, B. (2003). “Healing the wounds of war and more: an integrative approach to peace–the work of Adam Curle and others with Mir I. Dobro in Upanja, Croatia”. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 31(4), 403-416.
- Oz, S., Eitan, M., & Motzkin, K. (2005). “The wall of fear: The bridge between the traumatic event and trauma resolution therapy for childhood sexual abuse survivors” Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 14:3, Contains a complete case study of an adult survivor.
- Valentine, P. and Smith, Thomas E. (2001) “Evaluating Traumatic Incident Reduction Therapy with Female Inmates: a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial” Research on Social Work Practice, v. 11, no. 1, pp. 40-52, January 2001, ISSN: 1049-7315
- Valentine, P. (2000) “Traumatic Incident Reduction I: Traumatized Women Inmates: Particulars of Practice and Research”, Journal of Offender Rehabilitation Vol. 31(3-4): 1-15, 2000
- Valentine, P. and Smith, Thomas E. (1998) “A Qualitative Study of Client Perceptions of Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR): a Brief Trauma Treatment” Crisis Intervention and Time-Limited Treatment, v. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-12, 1998, ISSN: 1064-5136
- Valentine, P. (1995) “Traumatic Incident Reduction: A Review of a New Intervention” Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 6(2), 79-85, 1995.
- Wylie, M. S. (1996) “Researching PTSD: Going for the Cure” Family Therapy Networker, 20(4), pp. 20-37, July/Aug. 1996.